In an effort to further the knowledge between injury rate, the support system and identification of any causation relationship arising from the disability, Ms. Gina Hopkins is conducting an online survey to be completed by competitive disabled athletes. This will form Gina’s MSc dissertation and therefore will be a comprehensive investigation.

Gas mask training has been falsely marketed to athletes as a ‘hypoxic training aid’, even though the composition of air filtered through the mask and into the lungs is the same as outside air.

The purpose of this article is to inform fighters and coaches in the mixed martial arts about the nature of instability training, and to provide guidance for those who wish to engage in it.The term ‘instability training’ was chosen over other commonly used terms, like ‘core stability training’, because it emphasises the training goal, which is to create instability in each exercise, not stability. In this article, the term ‘core’ refers to the musculature that supports the trunk (i.e. rib cage and spine), upper extremity (shoulder girdle) and lower extremity (pelvic girdle). All of these muscles work together as an integrated whole to maintain balance, rather than in isolation4 and core stability (or balance) is controlled through complex neuronal communication between peripheral sensors within the core musculature and central brain structures.6

The term ‘science’ is derived from the Latin scientia, or scire, for ‘know’, so by practicing science, one should gain knowledge of the natural world; but this notion is not entirely correct. Defining the term ‘science’ does not easily reconcile the issue, for most definitions fail to exclude clear examples of non-scientific activities, like Astrology; or worse, fail to include clear cases of good science.