Push Hand is an advanced training technique for the Yang-style old frame 108 forms Tai Chi Chuan. It is performed by two practitioners. To clarify how people use forces during Push Hand training, it is important to review the ground reaction force (GRF). Here, we quantify the characteristics of the GRF during Push Hand training.

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by a distinct pattern of hyperphosphorylated tau (p-tau). Thought to be caused by repetitive concussive and subconcussive injuries, CTE is considered largely preventable. The majority of neuropathologically confirmed cases have occurred in professional contact sport athletes (eg, boxing, football).

AIM: To test the construct validity and reliability of the session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE) method by examining the relationship between RPE and physiological parameters (heart rate: HR and blood lactate concentration: [La –] ) and the correlations between sRPE and two HR–based methods for quantifying internal training load (Banister’s method and Edwards’s method) during karate training camp.

If you’re in the Boston Area on Saturday May 2nd, stop by Salem State University for the Spring meeting of the Massachusetts Association of Clinical Exercise Physiologists (MACEP). There will be a number of presentations, and Dr. Jason Gillis will be presenting recent research assessing the influence of Biofreeze, foam-rolling and Kinesiology Tape on recover from exercise-induced muscle damage.

Check out The MMA Training Bible’s Research Round-up: This month read about everything from trauma, stroke and death from strikes, to optimizing lactate clearance post-workout. 

By Dr Jason Gillis

The MMA Training Bible

Stay ahead of the competition and keep up with the latest developments in the world of combat sport research. Check out The MMA Training Bible’s Research Round-up below:

By Dr Jason Gillis

The MMA Training Bible

Gas mask training has been falsely marketed to athletes as a ‘hypoxic training aid’, even though the composition of air filtered through the mask and into the lungs is the same as outside air.

The purpose of this article is to inform fighters and coaches in the mixed martial arts about the nature of instability training, and to provide guidance for those who wish to engage in it.The term ‘instability training’ was chosen over other commonly used terms, like ‘core stability training’, because it emphasises the training goal, which is to create instability in each exercise, not stability. In this article, the term ‘core’ refers to the musculature that supports the trunk (i.e. rib cage and spine), upper extremity (shoulder girdle) and lower extremity (pelvic girdle). All of these muscles work together as an integrated whole to maintain balance, rather than in isolation4 and core stability (or balance) is controlled through complex neuronal communication between peripheral sensors within the core musculature and central brain structures.6

Most would agree that the field of strength and conditioning (S&C) is perhaps more accessible to the layperson than physics, biology or chemistry. This is not to imply the field is any less scientific, but it probably means that the field of S&C must work harder than other disciplines to differentiate itself from pseudoscience. So, a role of science in the field of S&C, and on this website, is to separate the good from the bad. The case of the Power Balance Bracelet is an example of this.

The fundamental principles of science appear to have been adopted in the domain of strength and conditioning (S&C). For example, when you put the following search terms in PubMed and search by decade, (strength OR resistance OR weight) AND (training OR exercise), it becomes apparent that an overwhelming amount of scientific progress has been made in the last 10 years.