To examine the effects of reduced CHO but high post-exercise fat availability on cell signalling and expression of genes with putative roles in regulation of mitochondrial biogenesis, lipid metabolism and muscle protein synthesis (MPS).

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It is generally acknowledged that for an orally administered ergogenic aid to enhance exercise performance it must first be absorbed by the gastrointestinal tract before exerting its effects.

Nutrition is one method to counter the negative impact of an exercise-induced injury. Deficiencies of energy, protein and other nutrients should be avoided. Claims for the effectiveness of many other nutrients following injuries are rampant, but the evidence is equivocal.