The purpose of this study was to determine the interaction of ACTN3 gene polymorphism and muscle imbalance effects on kinematic efficiency changes in combat sports athletes.


This study investigated the relationship between punching impact and selected strength and power variables in 15 amateur boxers from the Brazilian National Team (9 men and 6 women).

Elite swimming and boxing require athletes to achieve relatively high minute ventilation. 

Professional boxing can lead to chronic traumatic encephalopathy, a variant of traumatic brain injury (TBI).

This study evaluated the performance impact of routine warm-up strategies in elite Olympic amateur boxing athletes and physiological implications of the GAP between warm-up and boxing activity.

This study investigated (i) the prevalence of hypohydration and (ii) association between urinary indices of hydration status and confounding factors (e.g., urine protein content, water intake) in elite youth boxers during their weight-stable phase before competition.

Isolated instability of the index and middle finger carpometacarpal joints is uncommon.