Sport coaches can play an important role in shaping a team’s approach to concussion safety through their communication with team members.


We review current topics in sport-related head injuries including acute subdural hematoma (ASDH), traumatic cerebrovascular disease, cerebral concussion, and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE).

Concussion is common in many sports, and the incidence is increasing.

This study aimed to compare serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels “which contributes in both neuron development/regeneration” between combat sport braches, which requires high attention and concentration and can lead micro and macro brain trauma, and athleticism, which requires durability in competition.

Previous studies have identified abnormalities in brain and motor functioning after concussion that persist well beyond observed clinical recovery. Recent work suggests subtle deficits in neurocognition may impair neuromuscular control and thus potentially increase risk of lower extremity musculoskeletal injury after concussion.

Limited data exist on the epidemiology of concussions in collegiate student athletes. This study uses the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Injury Surveillance Program (ISP) to describe the epidemiology of collegiate sports-related concussions (SRCs).