How much is too much? (Part 2) International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of illness.


The modern-day athlete participating in elite sports is exposed to high training loads and increasingly saturated competition calendar. Emerging evidence indicates that inappropriate load management is a significant risk factor for acute illness and the overtraining syndrome.

The IOC convened an expert group to review the scientific evidence for the relationship of load-including rapid changes in training and competition load, competition calendar congestion, psychological load and travel-and health outcomes in sport.

This paper summarises the results linking load to risk of illness and overtraining in athletes, and provides athletes, coaches and support staff with practical guidelines for appropriate load management to reduce the risk of illness and overtraining in sport.

These include guidelines for prescription of training and competition load, as well as for monitoring of training, competition and psychological load, athlete well-being and illness. In the process, urgent research priorities were identified.

LINK TO ARTICLE

Br J Sports Med. 2016 Sep;50(17):1043-52. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2016-096572. How much is too much? (Part 2) International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of illness. Schwellnus M1, Soligard T2, Alonso JM3, Bahr R4, Clarsen B5, Dijkstra HP3, Gabbett TJ6, Gleeson M7, Hägglund M8, Hutchinson MR9, Janse Van Rensburg C1, Meeusen R10, Orchard JW11, Pluim BM12, Raftery M13, Budgett R2, Engebretsen L14.

Author information:

1Faculty of Health Sciences, Institute for Sport, Exercise Medicine and Lifestyle Research, Section Sports Medicine, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa. 2Medical and Scientific Department, International Olympic Committee, Lausanne, Switzerland. 3Sports Medicine Department, Aspetar, Qatar Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar. 4Sports Medicine Department, Aspetar, Qatar Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar Department of Sports Medicine, Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway Olympic Training Center (Olympiatoppen), Oslo, Norway. 5Department of Sports Medicine, Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway Olympic Training Center (Olympiatoppen), Oslo, Norway. 6School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia and School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, Australia. 7School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK. 8Division of Physiotherapy, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden. 9Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA. 10Human Physiology Research Group, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium. 11School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. 12Medical Department, Royal Dutch Lawn Tennis Association, Amersfoort, The Netherlands Amsterdam Collaboration on Health and Safety in Sports, IOC Research Centre for Prevention of Injury and Protection of Athlete Health, VUmc/AMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 13World Rugby, Dublin, Ireland. 14Medical and Scientific Department, International Olympic Committee, Lausanne, Switzerland Department of Sports Medicine, Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.



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‘It ain’t so much the things we don’t know that get us in trouble. It’s the things we know that ain’t so’
– Artemus Ward

 

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