How much is too much? (Part 1) International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of injury.


Athletes participating in elite sports are exposed to high training loads and increasingly saturated competition calendars. Emerging evidence indicates that poor load management is a major risk factor for injury. The International Olympic Committee convened an expert group to review the scientific evidence for the relationship of load (defined broadly to include rapid changes in training and competition load, competition calendar congestion, psychological load and travel) and health outcomes in sport.

We summarise the results linking load to risk of injury in athletes, and provide athletes, coaches and support staff with practical guidelines to manage load in sport. This consensus statement includes guidelines for (1) prescription of training and competition load, as well as for (2) monitoring of training, competition and psychological load, athlete well-being and injury. In the process, we identified research priorities.

LINK TO ARTICLE

Br J Sports Med. 2016 Sep;50(17):1030-41. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2016-096581. How much is too much? (Part 1) International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of injury. Soligard T1, Schwellnus M2, Alonso JM3, Bahr R4, Clarsen B5, Dijkstra HP3, Gabbett T6, Gleeson M7, Hägglund M8, Hutchinson MR9, Janse van Rensburg C2, Khan KM10, Meeusen R11, Orchard JW12, Pluim BM13, Raftery M14, Budgett R1, Engebretsen L15.

Author information:

1Medical and Scientific Department, International Olympic Committee, Lausanne, Switzerland. 2Section Sports Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Institute for Sport, Exercise Medicine and Lifestyle Research, University of Pretoria, Hatfield,Pretoria, South Africa. 3Sports Medicine Department, Aspetar, Qatar Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar. 4Sports Medicine Department, Aspetar, Qatar Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway Olympic Training Center (Olympiatoppen), Oslo, Norway. 5Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway Olympic Training Center (Olympiatoppen), Oslo, Norway. 6School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia School of Human Movement Studies, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia. 7School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK. 8Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Physiotherapy, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden. 9Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA. 10Department of Family Practice, Centre for Hip Health and Mobility, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. 11Human Physiology Research Group, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium. 12School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia. 13Medical Department, Royal Dutch Lawn Tennis Association, Amersfoort, The Netherlands Amsterdam Collaboration on Health and Safety in Sports, IOC Research Centre for Prevention of Injury and Protection of Athlete Health, VUmc/AMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 14World Rugby, Dublin, Ireland. 15Medical and Scientific Department, International Olympic Committee, Lausanne, Switzerland Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.



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‘It ain’t so much the things we don’t know that get us in trouble. It’s the things we know that ain’t so’
– Artemus Ward

 

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