Students often injure their teeth during participation in school-based sports clubs. This study examined the frequencies and types of dental injuries sustained at school sports clubs and compared the risk of dental injury among different sports.
Based on injury statistics from the Japan Sport Council of the junior high schools and high schools in seven prefectures during fiscal year 2006, the risk of dental injury was estimated using a rate ratio (RR) by calculating the ratio of occurrence of dental injury under various circumstances.
The RRs of exercise-related dental injury for boys and girls in junior high school were 0.7 (P < 0.001) and 1.3 (P < 0.05), respectively, and for those in high school were 2.6 (P < 0.001) and 2.7 (P < 0.001), respectively. In junior high school, softball (RR = 7.7) for boys and handball (RR = 3.9) for girls commonly led to dental injuries. In high school, Japanese-style wrestling (RR = 18.5) and rugby (RR = 7.3) for boys and handball (RR = 6.5) for girls had high risks for dental injury. Crown fracture was the predominant dental injury among boys and girls attending both junior high school and high school. The proportion of alveolar fracture was higher in school sports clubs than outside school sports clubs among high school boys. Contact or limited-contact sports had significantly higher risks for dental injuries than did noncontact sports.
The results of this study suggest that teachers and administrators at schools should pay attention to the risk of dental injury among students participating in high-risk sports.
Int Dent J. 2016 Jul 24. doi: 10.1111/idj.12250. [Epub ahead of print] Descriptive study of dental injury incurred by junior high school and high school students during participation in school sports clubs. Nonoyama T1, Shimazaki Y1, Nakagaki H2, Tsuge S1,3. 1Department of Preventive Dentistry and Dental Public Health, School of Dentistry, Aichi Gakuin University, Nagoya, Japan. 2School of Dentistry, Aichi Gakuin University, Nagaya, Japan. 3Tsuge Dental Clinic, Ena, Japan.