Evaluation of Muscle Damage Marker after Mixed Martial Arts Matches.

Gillis vs. Miller, Shock & Awe 1 2009

The aim of this paper is to identify predictors of serum muscle damage marker (MDM) response following mixed martial arts (MMA) matches. Creatine kinase activity (CK) and myoglobin concentration (Mb) were measured in ten male elite MMA fighters (aged 28±5.7 years) prior to, 2 h, 24 h, and 96 h following 9 different MMA matches.

The number of performed upright punches and kicks (UKF) that failed the opponent, the number of obtained hits to the upper and lower body (LBH), as well as the total fight duration (TFD) were evaluated as potential predictors from video recordings.

CK peaked 24 h (829±753 U/L(-1)) and Mb peaked 2 h (210±122 µg/L(-1)) post matches. Almost 80% of the peak CK variance could be explained by LBH and UKF, whereas 87% of the Mb variation was explained by TFD and LBH.

MMA result in a significant skeletal muscle damage, which largely depends on LBH. Furthermore, eccentric contractions to decelerate kicks that missed the opponent and the TFD seem to contribute to the MDM response.


Orthop Rev (Pavia). 2016 Mar 21;8(1):6209. doi: 10.4081/or.2016.6209. eCollection 2016. Evaluation of Muscle Damage Marker after Mixed Martial Arts Matches. Wiechmann GJ1, Saygili E2, Zilkens C1, Krauspe R1, Behringer M3. 1Department of Orthopedics, University Hospital Düsseldorf , Germany. 2Division of Cardiology, Pulmonology, and Vascular Medicine, Düsseldorf University Hospital , Germany. 3Institute of Training Science and Sport Informatics, German Sport University Cologne , Germany.


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